UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File Number 001-38089

 

ASV HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

82-1501649

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

840 Lily Lane

Grand Rapids, MN

55744

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (218) 327-3434

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

The Nasdaq Capital Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. YES ☐ NO 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. YES ☐ NO 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES  NO ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). YES  NO ☐

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ☐ NO 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of June 30, 2018 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $57,069,720 based on the closing price of the Registrant’s common stock on June 30, 2018 of $5.79 per share, as reported by the Nasdaq Capital Market.

The number of shares of Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding as of March 26, 2019 was 9,896,878.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement relating to the Annual Meeting of Shareholders, scheduled to be held on June 13, 2019, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report.

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

PART I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

3

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

16

Item 2.

Properties

16

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

17

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

17

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

18

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

18

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

26

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

26

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

26

Item 9B.

Other Information

26

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

27

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

27

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

27

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

27

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

27

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

28

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

28

 

Exhibit Index

29

 

Signatures

32

 

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Forward-Looking Statements

This Annual Report filed on Form 10-K and the information incorporated herein by reference, particularly in the sections captioned “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business,” contains forward-looking statements, which involve substantial risks and uncertainties. In this Annual Report, all statements other than statements of historical or present facts contained in this Annual Report, including statements regarding our future financial condition, business strategy and plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “intends” or “continue,” and other similar expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and future trends, or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements in this Annual Report or incorporated documents include, without limitation: (1) projections of revenue, earnings, capital structure and other financial items, (2) statements of our plans and objectives, (3) statements regarding the capabilities and capacities of our business operations, (4) statements of expected future economic conditions and the effect on us and on dealers or OEM customers, (5) expected benefits of our cost reduction measures, and (6) assumptions underlying statements regarding us or our business. Our actual results may differ from information contained in these forward looking-statements for many reasons, including those described below and in the section entitled “Risk Factors”:

• our ability to sustain profitability;

• substantial deterioration in economic conditions, especially in our end-use markets in the United States, Australia and New Zealand;

• market acceptance of our rubber-tracked compact track loaders (“CTLs”);

• material decreases or delays in government spending;

• a substantial portion of our net sales are attributed to a limited number of dealers and OEM customers, which may decrease or cease purchasing any time;

• our level of indebtedness and the resulting restrictions on our operations and financial flexibility;

• our ability to protect our intellectual property and proprietary rights, including protection for our key patent for our Posi-Track undercarriage and suspension, which expire in 2023;

• changes in our product mix;

• inability to satisfy orders and conversion of our backlog and open orders into revenue;

• availability of third-party financing for dealers and the credit-worthiness of dealers;

• increases in interest rates;

• the collectability of and adequacy of our reserves for our trade receivables;

• delays or shortages from our key suppliers or the increase in the cost of materials;

• the quality of component parts we receive from third-party suppliers and our ability to develop and produce quality products that meet the needs of dealers, OEM customers and end-users;

• disruptions shut downs or damage to our information technology systems due to attacks by computer hackers, computer viruses, employee error or malfeasance, power outages or other catastrophes or unforeseen events;

• our ability to obtain additional funding for our future operations;

• our ability to integrate future acquired businesses;

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• retention of qualified management personnel;

• competition from our key competitors, some of which have greater financial, production, research and development resources and substantially greater name recognition than us;

• our ability to effectively respond to technological changes and introduce new products;

• the inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers;

• legal proceedings and legal compliance risks;

• damage to, or other interruptions, including work stoppages and labor disputes, at our manufacturing facilities;

• the cost of compliance with applicable laws and regulations, including environmental laws and laws applicable to our international sales, such as anti-corruption laws;

• the risks associated with our international sales and the strength of the U.S. dollar against local currencies;

• unanticipated tax liabilities;

• changes in accounting standards or assumptions in applying accounting policies;

• future impairment to our intangible assets;

• the risks associated with the ability of Manitex and Terex to exert significant influence over us and the ability of Manitex and Terex (through its wholly-owned subsidiary) to sell our common stock pursuant to a registration rights agreement;

• the risks associated with the costs of operations as a public company, our limited history operating as an independent company, our ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as a stand-alone company;

• the development of an active, liquid and orderly trading market in our common stock and the volatility of our stock price;

• the risk of a decline in our stock price due to unfavorable commentary or downgrades from analysts;

• the risk of securities litigation;

• our qualification as an “emerging growth company”, which could make our common stock less attractive to investors;

• your profit from an investment in our common stock being limited to an increase in the market price of our shares due to the likelihood that we will not pay dividends; and

• anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law and our charter documents that may discourage an acquisition or replacement of current management even when it would be beneficial to our stockholders.

Management believes that the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable as and when made. Such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or development and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control. As a result, any or all of our forward-looking statements in this Annual Report may turn out to be inaccurate. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements because they speak only as of the date when made. Unless required by law, we do not assume any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. We may not actually achieve the plans, projections or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements, and actual results, developments or events could differ materially from those disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make.

 

 

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PART I

Item 1. Business.

Overview

ASV Holdings, Inc. (formerly A.S.V., LLC) (referred to herein as “ASV,” “the Company,” “we,” “our” and/or “us”) designs and manufactures a broad range of high-quality compact track loader (“CTL”) and skid steer loader (“SSL”) equipment, marketed through a distribution network in North America, Australia and New Zealand under the ASV brand. We also serve as a private label original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”) for several manufacturers.  Our products are used principally in the construction, agricultural and forestry industries. As a full-service manufacturer, we provide pre- and post-sale dealer support, after-sale technical support and replacement parts supplied from our dedicated logistics center. We also supply a limited version of our assembled undercarriage sets to Caterpillar for one configuration of Caterpillar’s multi-terrain CTL machines marketed under the CAT brand under a supply contract with Caterpillar.

Background

A.S.V., Inc. was founded in 1983 and launched its first CTL machine in 1990.  It launched as a publicly-traded company on Nasdaq in 1994 and operated as a public company until it was acquired by Terex Corporation (“Terex”) on March 3, 2008.  On December 19, 2014, Manitex International, Inc. (“Manitex”) purchased 51% of ASV from Terex pursuant to a joint venture arrangement with Terex (the “Joint Venture”).  On December 23, 2014, A.S.V., Inc. was converted to a Minnesota limited liability company and its name was changed to A.S.V., LLC.  On May 11, 2017, in connection with the Company’s initial public offering (“IPO”), we converted from a Minnesota limited liability company into a Delaware corporation and changed our name from A.S.V., LLC to ASV Holdings, Inc., which we refer to herein as the “LLC Conversion”.

Business Outlook

A number of economic indicators that we believe are relevant to our industry and products trended favorably in 2018, although housing starts slowed significantly over the last two quarters raising concerns over the effect of higher interest rates and higher prices. A primary driver of demand for CTL and SSL products is the United States housing market, where the level of new housing starts continues to be below pre-2007 levels. Since 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, new housing starts have incrementally increased to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.1 million units in December 2018 from approximately 0.5 million in October 2009.  The preliminary December 2018 rate of 1.1 million was 10.9% below the December 2017 rate.

Construction spending in the United States experienced growth in 2018. The U.S. Census Bureau reported on March 4, 2019, that total construction spending during December 2018 was estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $1.3 trillion, 1.6% above the December 2017 estimate. For full year 2018 construction spending was 4.1% above 2017.

The rental sector is another important market for construction equipment and is recording positive growth that is expected to continue.  The five-year forecast from the ARA Rental Market Monitor, updated in February 2019, predicted equipment rental revenue in North America is expected to grow by 5.0% in 2019 to reach $43.5 billion, 4.5% in 2020, 4.7% in 2021 and 4.4% in 2022.  This is a sector of the economy that we are actively targeting with our products.

Outside North America, our largest market is Australia.  The Australian Bureau of Statistics in March 2019, reported GDP growth of 2.3% in 2018, which however, reflected a slowing to 0.2% in the December 2018 quarter.   The lower rate of growth in the final quarter was influenced by soft household spending and a decline in dwelling investment.

The economies of the markets to which we sell our products have for the past few years operated with interest rates at historically low levels. Interest rate changes affect overall economic growth, which affects demand for residential and nonresidential structures which in turn affects sales of our products that serve these activities. Interest rate changes also affect the ability of dealers to finance machine purchases, can change the optimal time to keep machines in a fleet and can impact the ability of our suppliers to finance the production of parts and components necessary to manufacture and support our products. In the United States, during 2017 and 2018, the Federal Reserve continued increasing interest rates from their historically low levels.  In 2018, the Federal Reserve has increased its benchmark rate four times, in March, June, September and December.  The rate is now at a range of 2.25% to 2.5%.  Increases in interest rates could negatively impact our sales and create supply chain inefficiencies.

Factors Affecting Revenues and Gross Profit

We derive most of our revenue from purchase orders from dealers and distributors and our two largest customers accounted for 28% and 32% of net sales for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The demand for our products depends upon the general economic conditions of the markets in which we compete, residential housing starts, general construction activity and upon dealer and end-user replacement or repair cycles. Adverse economic conditions may cause dealers or end-users to forego or postpone

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new purchases in favor of repairing existing machinery. In addition to the United States, we sell to dealers in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. All of our sales are denominated in U.S. dollars. The strengthening of the U.S. dollar against these other currencies may have a negative impact on sales volume and sales prices to dealers outside of the United States.

Factors that affect gross profit include product mix, production levels and cost of raw materials. Margins tend to increase when sales are skewed towards larger, tracked machines and replacement parts. As a consequence, gross profit margins can vary from period to period. Replacement parts generally command higher margins than product sales.

For further information on our revenues, profits and losses and total assets, see the audited financial statements and notes starting on page F-1 of this Annual Report.

Backlog

The Company’s backlog as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, was $30.2 million and $12.7 million, respectively, and is based upon the value of received orders.

Competition

In all markets, we compete on the basis of product performance, customer service, quality and price. From time to time, the intensity of competition results in price discounting in a particular industry or region. Such price discounting puts pressure on margins and can negatively impact operating profit.

Raw Materials and Component Products

 

The Company’s operating philosophy is to design, source, integrate, quantitatively assess, assemble, ship and integrate product from parts and systems available from third parties and our key suppliers include Kubota, Perkins, Cummins and Deutz. Consequently, we purchase a majority of our components as partially and fully finished assemblies, rather than raw materials for conversion. However, steel is a major component of the chassis, cabs and wheel rims of our product and as such availability and pricing from our suppliers is subject to the global steel market. Extreme movements in the cost and availability of steel and other materials and components may affect our financial performance.  The prices we pay for raw materials used in our products may be impacted by tariffs.  On March 8, 2018, the Trump administration signed an order that imposed a tariff of 25% on steel (Section 232 Tariff) that went into effect on March 23, 2018, and in September 2018 a further 10% on many other products imported from China (Section 301 Tariff).  An additional 15% increase to the Section 301 Tariff proposed to be effective March 1, 2019, has currently been indefinitely delayed.  As a result of these tariffs, if we are unable to obtain raw materials, including steel, at historical prices or unable to pass any material prices on to dealers, our margins could be adversely affected and it could have a material adverse effect on our business.  Changes in input costs had a significant effect on our operating performance in 2018, as input prices, and steel components in particular, increased significantly, driven by the above-mentioned tariffs and higher levels of market demand driving increased prices. During the year we have implemented re-engineering and re-sourcing actions to help avoid these increases and have also implemented surcharge price increases to recover steel increases.  The increase in our materials cost of goods sold of $2.4 million adversely impacted our gross profit percentage by approximately 190 basis points in 2018.

 

 

Patents, Trademarks and Trade Secrets

 

Our future success and competitive position depend in part upon our ability to obtain and maintain certain proprietary technologies used in our principal products. We generally rely on patent, trade secret and copyright laws as well as confidentiality agreements with other parties to protect our technologies. We believe that we have patent protection relating to certain existing products, specifically with respect to our proprietary Posi-Track undercarriage and suspension. We may also apply for and receive patent protection for our products in the future. We own or have rights to various trademark registrations and trademark registration applications in the United States that we use in connection with our business. The Company has and will continue to dedicate technical resources toward the further development of our products and processes in order to maintain its competitive position.

 

Environmental Matters

 

We generate hazardous and nonhazardous wastes in the normal course of our manufacturing operations. As a result, we are subject to a wide range of environmental laws and regulations. These laws and regulations govern actions that may have adverse environmental effects and require compliance with certain practices when handling and disposing of hazardous and nonhazardous wastes.

 

 

 

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Employment

 

As of December 31, 2018, we employed a total of 179 people on a full-time basis.

 

Available Information

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 840 Lily Lane, Grand Rapids, Minnesota 55744.  Our telephone number at this address is (218) 327-3434.  Our website is located at www.asvi.com.  The information contained on our website or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into and should not be considered a part of this report.

 

You can access, free of charge, our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our annual report on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any other amendments to those reports, at our website or at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Risks Related to Our Business

Our growth and profitability are dependent on a number of factors, and our historical growth may not be indicative of our future growth.

Our historic results since our Initial Public Offering (“IPO”) in May of 2017 should not be considered as indicative of our future performance. We may not be successful in executing our growth strategy, and even if we achieve our strategic plan, we may not be able to sustain profitability. In future periods, our revenue could continue to decline or grow more slowly than we expect. We also may incur significant losses in the future for a number of reasons, including the following risks and the other risks described in this report, and we may encounter unforeseen expenses, difficulties, complications, delays and other unknown factors.

Significant deterioration in economic conditions, especially in our end-use markets in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, may have negative effects on our results of operations and cash flows.

For the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, 99.6% and 99.3%, respectively, of our total revenue came from sales in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Economic conditions, particularly in these countries, affect our sales volumes, pricing levels and overall profitability. Moreover, demand for many of our products depends on end-use markets. Our products are used primarily in residential construction and construction end-use markets and, to a lesser extent, in industrial, forestry and agricultural activity end-use markets. Weakness in our end-use markets, such as a decline in construction, residential construction and agriculture end-use markets or industrial activity may in the future lead to a decrease in the demand for our equipment or prices we can charge. Factors that may cause weakness in these countries and our end-use markets include:

 

weakness in the economy, decreases in the market value of real estate or the onset of a recession;

 

slowdowns in construction in these countries and the geographic regions in which we operate;

 

reductions in spending levels by dealers and end-users;

 

unfavorable credit markets affecting end-user access to capital;

 

adverse changes in federal and local government infrastructure spending;

 

an increase in the cost of construction materials;

 

adverse weather conditions which may affect a particular region;

 

oversupply of available commercial real estate in the markets we serve;

 

increases in interest rates; and

 

terrorism or hostilities involving the United States.

In addition, the cyclicality of our industry makes it more difficult for us to forecast trends. Uncertainty regarding future product demand could cause us to maintain excess equipment inventory and increase our equipment inventory costs.

Challenging economic conditions may also impair the ability of dealers to pay for products they have purchased. As a result, our reserves for doubtful accounts and write-offs for accounts receivable may increase and there may be deterioration in the credit quality of dealers and the estimated residual value of our equipment. This could further negatively impact the ability of dealers to obtain the resources they need to make purchases of our equipment. Reduced credit availability will diminish dealers’ ability to invest in their businesses, refinance maturing debt obligations, and meet ongoing working capital needs. If dealers do not have sufficient access to

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credit, demand for our products will likely decline. Reduced access to credit and the capital markets will also negatively affect our ability to invest in strategic growth initiatives such as acquisitions.

If our rubber-tracked CTLs do not continue to receive market acceptance, our operating results will be harmed.

Our success is dependent upon continued market acceptance of rubber-tracked CTLs in the markets in which our products compete. Most tracked vehicles that compete with our Posi-Track products utilize a different steel embed design. There can be no assurance that our products will gain sufficient market acceptance to enable us to sustain profitable operations.

Our business is sensitive to government spending.

Many dealers and end-users depend substantially on government spending, including highway construction and maintenance and other infrastructure projects by U.S. federal and state governments and governments in other nations. Any decrease or delay in government funding of highway construction and maintenance and other infrastructure projects could cause our revenues and profits to decrease.

Our net sales are attributed to a limited number of customers, including OEM customers and dealers, which may decrease or cease purchasing any time.

Our two largest customers accounted for 28% and 32% of net sales for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We generally do not have long-term supply agreements with dealers or our OEM customers. Even if a multi-year contract exists, dealers and OEM customers are not required to commit to minimum purchases and can cease purchasing at any time. If we were to lose either a significant customer or several smaller customers, our operating results and cash flows would be adversely impacted.

Our level of indebtedness reduces financial flexibility and could impede our ability to operate.

As of December 31, 2018, our total debt was $29.4 million, which includes a revolving term credit facility and term debt.

Our level of debt affects our operations in several important ways, including the following:

 

a significant portion of our cash flow from operations is likely to be dedicated to the payment of the principal and interest on our indebtedness;

 

our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures or acquisitions may be limited;

 

we may be unable to refinance our indebtedness on terms acceptable to us or at all;

 

our cash flow may be insufficient to meet our required principal and interest payments; and

 

we may be unable to obtain additional loans as a result of covenants and agreements with existing debt holders.

 

The interest rates under our credit facilities may be impacted by the phase-out of LIBOR.

LIBOR, the London Interbank Offered Rate, is the basic rate of interest used in lending between banks on the London interbank market and is widely used as a reference for setting the interest rates on loans globally. We generally use LIBOR as a reference rate to calculate interest rates under our credit facilities. In 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR by the end of 2021. It is unclear if LIBOR will cease to exist at that time or if new methods of calculating LIBOR will be established such that it continues to exist after 2021. The U.S. Federal Reserve, in conjunction with the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of large U.S. financial institutions, is considering replacing U.S. dollar LIBOR with a new index, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR), calculated using short-term repurchase agreements backed by Treasury securities. SOFR is observed and backward looking, unlike LIBOR under the current methodology, which is an estimated forward-looking rate and relies, to some degree, on the expert judgment of submitting panel members. Given that SOFR is a secured rate backed by government securities, it will be a rate that does not take into account bank credit risk (as is the case with LIBOR). SOFR also may be more volatile than LIBOR. Whether or not SOFR, or another alternative reference rate, attains market traction as a LIBOR replacement tool remains in question. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to renegotiate our credit agreements to replace LIBOR with an agreed upon replacement index, and certain of the interest rates under our credit agreements may change. The new rates may not be as favorable to us as those in effect prior to any LIBOR phase-out. We may also find it desirable to engage in more frequent interest rate hedging transactions.

 

 

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We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property and proprietary rights and our products could infringe on the intellectual property of others, which could harm our future success and competitive position.

Our future success and competitive position depend in part upon our ability to obtain and maintain certain proprietary technologies used in our principal products. We may not always be successful in preventing the unauthorized use of our existing intellectual property rights by our competitors. We may not be able to discover unauthorized use of our proprietary technologies in the future or be able to receive any payments therefor. If we are not successful in protecting our intellectual property, it may result in the loss of valuable technologies or require us to make payments to other companies for infringing on their intellectual property rights. We generally rely on patent, trade secret and copyright laws as well as confidentiality agreements with other parties to protect our technologies; however, some of our technologies may not be protected. Confidentiality agreements may be breached or terminated, and we may not have adequate remedies for any breach. A third party could copy or otherwise obtain and use our products or technology without authorization. Additionally, third parties may assert infringement or other intellectual property claims against us based on their patents or other intellectual property rights. Litigation may be necessary for us to defend against claims of infringement or to protect our intellectual property rights and could result in substantial cost to us and diversion of our efforts. Further, we might not prevail in such litigation, which could harm our business and could result in us having to obtain a license to sell our products or pay substantial royalties. Our failure to obtain or maintain adequate protection of our intellectual property rights for any reason could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We believe that we have patent protection relating to certain existing products, specifically with respect to our proprietary Posi-Track undercarriage and suspension. We may also apply for and receive patent protection for our products in the future. We may not accurately predict all of the countries where patent protection will ultimately be desirable and currently have only filed for protection in the United States and Canada. If we have failed to timely file a patent application in other countries, we may be precluded from doing so at a later date. Further, competitors may infringe on our patents and we may not have adequate resources to enforce our patents. We may also have any of the following occur:

 

any of our patents could be invalidated, circumvented or challenged;

 

any of our pending or future patent applications could fail to be issued within the scope of the claims sought by us, if at all, and patents issued from such applications may not be of sufficient scope or strength to provide us with any meaningful protection or commercial advantage;

 

others may develop technologies that are similar or superior to our technologies, duplicate our technologies or design around our patents; or

 

steps taken by us to protect our technologies may not prevent misappropriation of such technologies.

In addition, the key patent related to our Posi-Track undercarriage and suspension expires in 2023. Approximately 78.3% and 73.6% of our revenues for 2018 and 2017, respectively, excluding parts sales, were related to this key patent. The technology underlying our proprietary Posi-Track products can be used by any third party, including competitors, once the applicable patent terms expire. This may subject us to increased competition and reduce or eliminate our opportunity to generate revenues from the Posi-Track system and we cannot at this time estimate the financial impact on our business of the expiration of this patent.

We also own or have rights to various trademark registrations and trademark registration applications in the United States, Canada and Australia that we use in connection with our business. Monitoring unauthorized use of our trademarks is difficult and expensive, and we may not be able to prevent misappropriation of our trademark rights in all jurisdictions, particularly in countries other than the United States.

Changes in our product mix could materially and adversely affect our business.

The margins on our revenues from some of our product offerings are higher than the margins on some of our other product offerings. In particular, the margins vary between sales of equipment as compared to sales of our replacement parts, between our smaller and larger machines, and between our CTL and SSL machines. A decrease in demand for our higher margin products offerings, such as our larger machines and parts, could have a negative impact on our profitability. Our margins can also fluctuate based upon competition, alternative products and services, operating costs and contractual factors. In addition, we may not be able to accurately estimate the margins of some of our new and developing products and new products and services may have lower margins than our current products and services.

Our inability to satisfy orders on a timely basis could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition and the conversion of our backlog and open orders into revenue may occur at a slower rate than historical trends.

Our backlog as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, was $30.2 million and $12.7 million, respectively. This backlog is based upon the value of received orders. Certain of our equipment are produced after a price has been agreed to, an order has been received and a

5


deposit has been paid by a dealer or OEM customer and generally require delivery within a specified period of time. If we are unsuccessful in recruiting skilled labor, experience delays in purchase component deliveries or experience changes in specifications on ordered equipment, the rate at which backlog or open orders are converted into revenue may be slower than we have historically experienced. If it takes longer than expected to realize revenue, our results of operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected. Additionally, any failure to deliver products on a timely basis could result in dealers or OEM customers cancelling their orders, requesting discounts or ceasing to do business with us altogether. The historical relationship of backlog to sales revenues actually realized by us, should not be considered indicative of future results.

Some dealers rely on financing with third parties to purchase our products, and the unavailability to them of financing on favorable terms could reduce our revenues.

Significant portions of our sales are financed by third-party finance companies on behalf of our dealers. The availability of financing by third parties is affected by general economic conditions, the creditworthiness of dealers and the estimated residual value of our equipment. Deterioration in the credit quality of dealers or the estimated residual value of our equipment could negatively impact the ability of dealers to obtain the resources they need to purchase our equipment and reduce demand for new equipment. There can be no assurance that third party finance companies will continue to extend credit to dealers in terms dealers find favorable or at all.

Some dealers have been unable to obtain the credit they need to buy our equipment. As a result, in the future some dealers may need to cancel existing orders. Given the lack of liquidity, dealers may be compelled to sell their equipment at less than fair value to raise cash, which could have a negative impact on residual values of our equipment. These economic conditions could have a material adverse effect on demand for our products and on our financial condition and operating results.

Increases in interest rates in the United States may negatively impact our sales and create other supply chain inefficiencies.

The Federal Reserve increased interest rates in December 2016, March, June and December 2017 and March, June, September and December 2018 from the historically low levels with which we had operated in previous years. Interest rate changes affect dealers’ ability to finance machine purchases, can change the optimal time to keep machines in a fleet and can impact the ability of our suppliers to finance the production of parts and components necessary to manufacture and support our products. Interest rate changes also affect overall economic growth, which affects demand for residential and nonresidential structures which in turn affects sales of our products that serve these activities. Increases in interest rates could negatively impact our sales and create supply chain inefficiencies.

We may experience losses in excess of our recorded reserves for accounts receivable.

As of December 31, 2018, and 2017, we had accounts receivable of $18.5 million and $18.3 million, respectively. We evaluate the collectability of open accounts receivable based on a combination of factors and establish reserves based on our estimates of probable losses. In circumstances where we believe it is probable that a specific dealer or OEM customer will have difficulty meeting its financial obligations, a specific reserve is recorded to reduce the receivable to the amount we expect to recover. We also establish additional reserves based upon our perception of the quality of the current receivables, the current financial position of dealers and OEM customers and past collections experience. Continued economic uncertainty could result in additional requirements for specific reserves, which could have a negative impact on our consolidated financial position.

We are dependent upon third-party suppliers, making us vulnerable to supply shortages.

We obtain materials and manufactured components, including rubber track components used in our products, from third-party suppliers, including Kubota, Perkins, Cummins and Deutz. Some components may not be easily interchanged with components from alternative suppliers and have been designed into our products. Any delay in the ability of our suppliers to provide us with necessary materials and components may affect our capabilities at a number of our manufacturing locations or may require us to seek alternative supply sources. Delays in obtaining supplies may result from a number of factors affecting our suppliers including capacity constraints, labor disputes, the impaired financial condition of a particular supplier, suppliers’ allocations to other purchasers, weather emergencies or acts of war or terrorism. Any delay in receiving supplies could impair our ability to deliver products to dealers and OEM customers and, accordingly, could have a material adverse effect on business, results of operations and financial condition.

In addition, we purchase material and services from suppliers on extended terms based on our overall credit rating. Negative changes in our credit rating may impact suppliers’ willingness to extend terms and increase the cash requirements of the business.

Price increases in materials could affect our profitability.

Our products contain a large amount of steel, rubber and other materials. In the past, market prices of some of our materials, including steel, increased significantly. If we experience future significant increases in material costs, including steel, we may not be able to

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reduce product cost in other areas or pass future material price increases on to dealers and our margins could be adversely affected. The prices we pay for raw materials used in our products may be impacted by tariffs. In March 2018, the Trump Administration signed an order that imposed an import tariff of 25% on steel (Section 232 Tariff), and in September 2018 a further 10% on many other products imported from China (Section 301 Tariff). An additional 15% increase to the Section 301 Tariff proposed to be effective March 1, 2019, has currently been indefinitely delayed.  As a result of these tariffs, if we are unable to obtain raw materials, including steel, at historical prices or unable to pass any material price increases on to dealers, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The quality and performance of our equipment are, in part, dependent on the quality of our equipment’s component parts that we obtain from various suppliers, which makes us susceptible to performance issues that could materially and adversely affect our business, reputation and financial results.

Our construction equipment is sophisticated and complex, and the success of our equipment is dependent, in part, upon the quality and performance of key components, such as rubber track components, engines, fuel systems, hydraulic pumps and hoses, tires and wheels, breakers, and complex electrical components and associated software. There can be no assurance that these parts and components will not have performance issues from time to time, and the warranties provided by our suppliers may not always cover the potential performance issues. We may face disputes with our suppliers with respect to those performance issues and their warranty obligations, and dealers or OEM customers could claim damages as a result of such performance issues.

If any of the component parts we obtain from our suppliers are defective, we may incur liabilities for warranty claims. The supplier in any such case may not fully compensate us for any such liabilities. We may also be responsible for obtaining replacement parts and incur liability related thereto.

We depend on our information technology systems. If our information technology systems do not perform in a satisfactory manner or if the security of them is breached, it could be disruptive and adversely affect our operations and results of operations.

We depend on our information technology systems, some of which are managed by third parties, to process, transmit and store electronic information (including sensitive data such as confidential business information and personally identifiable data relating to employees, dealers and other business partners), and to manage or support a variety of critical business processes and activities. If our information technology systems do not perform in a satisfactory manner, it could be disruptive and adversely affect our operations and results of operations, including our ability to report accurate and timely financial results.

Furthermore, our information technology systems may be damaged, disrupted or shut down due to attacks by computer hackers, computer viruses, employee error or malfeasance, power outages, hardware failures, telecommunication or utility failures, catastrophes or other unforeseen events, and in any such circumstances our system redundancy and other disaster recovery planning may be ineffective or inadequate. A failure of or breach in information technology security could expose us and our dealers, distributors and suppliers to risks of misuse of information or systems, the compromise of confidential information, manipulation and destruction of data, defective products, production downtimes and operations disruptions. In addition, such breaches in security could result in litigation, regulatory action and potential liability, as well as the costs and operational consequences of implementing further data protection measures, each of which could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.

We may be subject to information technology system failures, network disruptions, breaches in data security and computer crime and cyber-attacks.

Information technology system failures, network disruptions, breaches of data security and sophisticated and targeted computer crime and cyber-attacks could disrupt our operations by impeding the manufacture or shipment of products, the processing of transactions or reporting of financial results, or by causing an unintentional disclosure of confidential information. Despite our security measures, our information technology and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions. Any such breach could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen. In the ordinary course of our business, we collect and store sensitive data on our networks, including IP, proprietary business information, and personal information of our business partners and employees. Despite our efforts to protect sensitive, confidential or personal data or information, our facilities and systems and those of our third-party service providers may be vulnerable to security breaches, theft, misplaced or lost data, programming and/or human errors that could potentially lead to the compromising of sensitive, confidential or personal data or information, improper use of our systems, software solutions or networks, unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification or destruction of information, defective products, production downtimes and operational disruptions, which in turn could adversely affect our reputation, competitiveness and results of operations. While management has taken steps to address these concerns by employee training, implementing certain data and system redundancy, comprehensive monitoring of our networks and systems, maintenance of backup and protective systems and other internal control measures, there can be no assurance that the measures we have implemented to date would be sufficient in the event of a system

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failure, loss of data or security breach. As a result, in the event of such a failure, loss of data or security breach, our financial condition and operating results could be adversely affected.

We may require additional funding, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all.

Our future capital requirements will depend on the amount of cash generated or required by our current operations and the successful implementation of our strategy for the future, as well as additional funds which may be needed to finance future acquisitions. Future cash needs are subject to substantial uncertainty.

We cannot guarantee that adequate funds will be available when needed, and if we do not receive sufficient capital, we may be required to alter or reduce the scope of our operations or to forego making future acquisitions. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, existing stockholders may be diluted.

We may face limitations on our ability to integrate acquired businesses.

From time to time, we may engage in acquisitions involving risks, including the possible failure to successfully integrate and realize the expected benefits of these acquisitions. We anticipate making acquisitions in the future and our ability to realize the anticipated benefits of these transactions, including the expected combination benefits, will depend, largely on our ability to integrate acquired businesses.

The risks associated with future acquisitions may include:

 

the business culture of the acquired business may not match well with our culture;

 

technological and product synergies, economies of scale and cost reductions may not occur as expected;

 

we may acquire or assume unexpected liabilities;

 

faulty assumptions may be made regarding the integration process;

 

unforeseen difficulties may arise in integrating operations and systems;

 

we may fail to retain, motivate and integrate key management and other employees of the acquired business;

 

higher than expected finance costs may arise due to unforeseen changes in tax, trade, environmental, labor, safety, payroll or pension policies in any jurisdiction in which the acquired business conducts its operations; and

 

we may experience problems in retaining dealers or OEM customers of the acquired business.

The successful integration of any newly acquired business would also require us to implement effective internal control processes in the acquired business. We cannot ensure newly acquired companies will operate profitably, the intended beneficial effect from these acquisitions will be realized or that we will not encounter difficulties in implementing effective internal control processes in these acquired businesses, particularly when the acquired business operates in foreign jurisdictions and/or was privately owned.

Our business depends on attracting and retaining qualified management personnel.

The unanticipated departure of any key member of our management team could have an adverse effect on our business. Given our relative size and the breadth of our operations, there are a limited number of qualified management personnel to assume the responsibilities of management level employees should there be management turnover. Our success depends to a significant extent upon a number of key employees, including members of senior management. The loss of the services of one or more of these key employees could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and prospects. In addition, because of the specialized and technical nature of our business, our future performance depends on the continued service of, and our ability to attract and retain qualified management, and commercial and technical personnel. Competition for such personnel is intense, and we may be unable to continue to attract or retain such personnel to support our growth and operational initiatives and replace executives who retire or resign. Failure to retain our leadership team and attract and retain other important management and technical personnel could place a constraint on our growth and operational initiatives, which could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, results of operations and product development efforts and eventually result in a decrease in profitability.

We operate in a highly competitive industry and we are particularly subject to the risks of such competition.

We compete in a highly competitive industry and the competition that we encounter has an effect on our product prices, market share, revenues and profitability. Because certain competitors have substantially greater financial, production, research and development resources and substantially greater name recognition than us, we are particularly subject to the risks inherent in competing with them

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and may be put at a competitive disadvantage. To compete successfully, our products must excel in terms of quality, price, product line, ease of use, safety and comfort, and we must also provide excellent customer service. The greater financial resources of our competitors may put us at a competitive disadvantage. If competition in our industry intensifies or if our current competitors enhance their products or lower their prices for competing products, we may lose sales or be required to lower our prices. This may reduce revenue from our products and services, lower our gross margins or cause us to lose market share. We may not be able to differentiate our products from those of competitors, successfully develop or introduce less costly products, offer better performance than competitors or offer purchasers of our products payment and other commercial terms as favorable as those offered by competitors.

The success of our business depends on our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet the needs of dealers, OEM customers and end-users.

Our business relies on continued demand for our brands and products from our key markets in North America, Australia and New Zealand. To achieve our business goals, we must develop and sell products that appeal to our dealers and the end-users of our products. This is dependent on a number of factors, including our ability to maintain key relationships, our ability to produce products that meet the quality, performance and price expectations of our dealers and the end-users of our products, and our ability to develop effective sales, advertising and marketing programs. In addition, our continued success in selling products that appeal to dealers, our OEM customers and end-users is dependent on leading-edge innovation, with respect to both products and operations, and on the availability and effectiveness of legal protection for our innovation. Failure to continue to deliver high quality, innovative, competitive products to the marketplace, to supply products that meet applicable regulatory requirements, including engine exhaust emission requirements, or to predict market demands for, or gain market acceptance of, our products, could have a negative impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We may be unable to effectively respond to technological change, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and business.

The markets served by us are not historically characterized by rapidly changing technology. Nevertheless, our future success will depend in part upon our ability to enhance our current products and to develop and introduce new products. If we fail to anticipate or respond adequately to competitors’ product improvements and new production introductions that incorporate improved technology, future results of operations and financial condition will be negatively affected.

Our business is subject to the inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers.

We sell finished products primarily through an independent dealer network and are subject to risks relating to their inventory management decisions and operational and sourcing practices. Dealers carry inventories of finished products as part of ongoing operations and adjust those inventories based on their assessments of future needs. Such adjustments may impact our results positively or negatively. If the inventory levels of our dealers are higher than they desire, they may postpone product purchases from us, which could cause our sales to be lower than the end-user demand for our products and negatively impact our results. Similarly, our results could be negatively impacted through the loss of time-sensitive sales if our dealers do not maintain inventory levels sufficient to meet end-user demand or if dealers decide to discontinue carrying our products.

Costs associated with lawsuits or investigations or adverse rulings in enforcement or other legal proceedings may have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

We face an inherent business risk of exposure to various types of claims, lawsuits and government investigations. From time to time, we are involved in various intellectual property, product liability, product warranty and environmental claims and lawsuits and other legal proceedings that arise in and outside of the ordinary course of our business. The industries in which we operate are also periodically reviewed or investigated by regulators, which could lead to enforcement actions, fines and penalties or the assertion of private litigation claims. It is not possible to predict with certainty the outcome of claims, investigations and lawsuits, and we could in the future incur judgments, fines or penalties or enter into settlements of lawsuits and claims that could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition in any particular period.

The nature of our operations means that the risk of legal proceedings, regulatory investigations, enforcement actions and related fines and penalties, and private litigation claims will continue to exist and that additional legal proceedings and other contingencies, the outcome of which cannot be predicted with certainty, will arise from time to time. In addition, subsequent developments in legal proceedings may affect our assessment and estimates of loss contingencies recorded as a reserve and require us to make payments in excess of our reserves, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

The Company maintains insurance coverage for product liability exposures, certain exposures related to general, workers’ compensation and automobile liability, catastrophic losses as well as those risks required to be insured by law or contract. Any material liabilities not covered by insurance could have an adverse effect on our financial condition.

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We may be unable to manufacture our products if any of our manufacturing facilities is damaged, destroyed or becomes otherwise inoperable.

We manufacture products at our manufacturing facility in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. If this manufacturing facility were to be damaged or destroyed or become otherwise inoperable, we may be unable to manufacture our products for sale until the facility is either repaired or replaced, either of which could take a considerable period of time. Although we maintain business interruption insurance, there can be no assurance that our insurance would adequately compensate us for the losses we would sustain in the event that our manufacturing facility was unavailable for any reason.

We may be adversely impacted by work stoppages and other labor matters, including an adverse outcome in a proceeding before the National Labor Relations Board.

As of December 31, 2018, we employed 179 people. Future issues with our employees or labor unions may not be resolved favorably or we may encounter future strikes, further unionization efforts or other types of conflicts with labor unions or our employees. Six of our employees are represented by the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers Local 647 under a collective bargaining agreement that expires on May 10, 2019. In addition, the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers brought a proceeding against us before the National Labor Relations Board in May 2014 regarding alleged unfair labor practices at our Grand Rapids, Minnesota facility. The union alleged, among other things, that we unlawfully violated the prohibition against interference, restraint and coercion of employees under Section 8(a)(1) of the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”) with respect to the employees’ right to engage in concerted activities and collective bargaining under the NLRA and that we unlawfully violated the prohibition in Section 8(a)(3) of the NLRA against retaliatory termination related to union activities. In June 2015, a federal administrative judge found that we violated Section 8(a)(1) in connection with speeches and statements made by management in connection with a union election and Section 8(a)(3) in connection with terminations that followed the same election. The administrative judge entered an order in favor of the union that requires, among other things, that we offer reinstatement to 13 terminated employees and make such employees whole for loss of earnings and benefits (including a gross up for adverse tax consequences for lump-sum back pay). Under this order, we are also required to bargain with the union as a representative of the assembly employees at our Grand Rapids, Minnesota facility and post informational notices at our facility. We appealed the June 2015 decision. On August 21, 2018, the NLR Board affirmed the administrative judge’s rulings, findings and conclusions, although it amended the judge’s tax compensation and Social Security reporting remedy and adopted a modified order which, among other things, retains the requirements to bargain with the union as a representative of the assembly employees.  On September 13, 2018 we filed a request for reconsideration of the NLR Board’s decision regarding the recognition of the assembly union, as the legal standard on which the NLR Board relied was overruled and not considered in the decision. We do not know whether we will be successful in our reconsideration request and the outcome may result in additional unionization at our Grand Rapids, Minnesota facility.  

We may not be able to satisfactorily renegotiate our existing collective bargaining agreement or a new collective bargaining agreement, and we could encounter strikes or work stoppages or other types of conflicts with labor unions as a result. We may also be subject to general country strikes or work stoppages unrelated to our business or our collective bargaining agreement. A work stoppage or other limitations on production at our facilities for any reason could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, many dealers and suppliers have unionized work forces. Strikes or work stoppages experienced by dealers or suppliers could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Compliance with environmental regulations could be costly and require us to make significant expenditures.

We generate hazardous and nonhazardous wastes in the normal course of our manufacturing operations. As a result, we are subject to a wide range of environmental laws and regulations. These laws and regulations govern actions that may have adverse environmental effects and require compliance with certain practices when handling and disposing of hazardous and nonhazardous wastes. Some environmental laws impose strict, retroactive and joint and several liability for the remediation of the release of hazardous substances, which could subject us to liability without regard to whether we were negligent or at fault. Failure to comply with environmental laws could expose us to substantial fines or penalties and to civil and criminal liability. These liabilities, sanctions, damages and remediation efforts related to any non-compliance with such laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.

In addition, increasing laws and regulations dealing with environmental aspects of the products we manufacture can result in significant expenditures in designing and manufacturing new forms of equipment that satisfy such new laws and regulations. In particular, climate change is receiving increasing attention worldwide. Many scientists, legislators and others attribute climate change to increased levels of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, which has led to significant legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Increased regulation of emissions would likely increase our compliance expenditures, which would negatively affect our business, operations or financial results.

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Our international sales expose us to additional risks and challenges associated with conducting business internationally.

The international expansion of our sales may expose us to risks inherent in conducting foreign sales. These risks include:

 

challenges associated with managing geographically diverse operations, which require an effective organizational structure and appropriate business processes, procedures and controls;

 

the increased cost of doing business with foreign dealers in foreign jurisdictions, including compliance with international and U.S. laws and regulations that apply to our international sales;

 

potentially adverse tax consequences;

 

complexities and difficulties in obtaining protection and enforcing our intellectual property;

 

compliance with additional regulations and government authorities in a highly regulated business; and

 

general economic and political conditions internationally.

The risks that we face with our international sales may continue to intensify as we further develop and expand our international sales.

Our financial performance is subject to risks associated with changes in the value of the U.S. dollar versus local currencies.

Our sales to dealers in international markets are denominated and reported in U.S. dollars. Therefore, weakening of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar may cause dealers to increase the price in foreign currency sales to end-users in those markets, potentially reducing demand for our products to such dealers and end-users. We do not use derivative instruments, such as foreign currency forward and option contracts, to hedge certain exposures to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and should we choose to enter into such derivative instruments in the future, they may not adequately protect against such exposures.

We may have unanticipated tax liabilities that could adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition.

We are subject to various types of taxes in the U.S., as well as foreign jurisdictions into which we supply our products. The determination of our provision for income taxes and other tax accruals involves various judgments, and therefore the ultimate tax determination is subject to uncertainty. Also, changes in tax laws, regulations, or rules may adversely affect our future reported financial results, may impact the way in which we conduct our business, or may increase the risk of audit by the Internal Revenue Service or other tax authority. In addition, in our normal course of business, we are subject to Internal Revenue Service audits or other audits by state, local and foreign tax authorities. The final determinations of any tax audits in the U.S. or abroad could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions and accruals. If any taxing authority disagrees with the positions taken by us on our tax returns, we could incur additional tax liabilities, including interest and penalties.

Changes in accounting standards or inaccurate estimates or assumptions in applying accounting policies could adversely affect us.

Our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. Some of these policies require use of estimates and assumptions that may affect the reported value of our assets or liabilities and results of operations and are critical because they require management to make difficult, subjective and complex judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain. If those assumptions, estimates or judgments were incorrectly made, we could be required to correct and restate prior-period financial statements.

We have significant intangible assets and future impairment could have a material impact on our financial results.

At December 31, 2018, our intangible assets were approximately $20.7 million, which represented approximately 23.7% of our total assets. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, we review our amortizable intangible assets for impairment when events or changes indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Events that may adversely impact the value of our assets and require impairment charges may include, but are not limited to, declines in sales and operating profit that do not meet our current and forecasted operating budget, strategic decisions made in response to changes in economic and competitive conditions, the impact of the economic environment on dealers and end-users, a material adverse change in our relationship with significant dealers or OEM customers or other business partners, or a sustained decline in our stock price. Because of the significance of our intangible assets, any future impairment of these assets could have a material adverse impact on our financial results.

The amount of any impairment could be significant and could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations for the period in which the charge is taken.

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Risks Related to Our Relationship with Manitex and Terex

Our principal stockholders currently own a significant percentage of our stock and will be able to exert significant control over matters subject to stockholder approval while that ownership continues.

As of December 31, 2018, Manitex and Terex together beneficially own approximately 45% of our outstanding voting stock and have the ability to exert significant influence over us through this ownership position. Manitex and/or Terex, if they retain a significant portion of their shares of common stock, will retain the ability to exert significant influence over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including with respect to elections of directors, amendments of our organizational documents, or approval of any merger, sale of assets or other major corporate transaction. This may prevent or discourage unsolicited acquisition proposals or offers for our common stock that you may feel are in your best interest as one of our stockholders. The interests of Manitex and Terex may not always coincide with your interests or the interests of other stockholders and they may act in a manner that advances their best interests and not necessarily those of other stockholders.

If a substantial number of shares of our common stock are sold in a short period of time, the market price of our common stock could decline.

As of December 31, 2018, we have 9,851,186 shares of common stock outstanding. Manitex and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Terex collectively hold 4,430,000 shares of our common stock. Pursuant to a registration rights agreement, we have granted registration rights to Manitex and the subsidiary of Terex with respect to their shares of common stock. In connection with our recent IPO, the Company registered the resale of all 2,080,000 shares of our common stock held by Manitex, which represents approximately 21.2% of our outstanding common stock, and all 3,350,000 shares of our common stock held by the subsidiary of Terex, which represents approximately 34.2% of our outstanding common stock. On February 26, 27 and 28, 2018, pursuant to our resale registration, Manitex sold an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of our common stock in separately negotiated transactions with unrelated purchasers.

If Manitex or the subsidiary of Terex sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, or if our other stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, the market price of our common stock could decrease significantly as the perception in the public market that our existing stockholders are selling shares of common stock could depress our market price. A decline in the price of shares of our common stock might impede our ability to raise capital through the issuance of additional shares of our common stock or other equity securities.

We must incur increased costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management must devote substantial time to compliance initiatives.

As a public company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a privately held joint venture between Manitex and Terex. We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Protection Act, as well as rules adopted, and to be adopted, by the SEC and Nasdaq. Our management and other personnel must devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. Moreover, these rules and regulations have substantially increased our legal and financial compliance costs and made some activities more time-consuming and costly. The increased costs have negatively impacted our results of operations, and we expect they will continue to do so. For example, these rules and regulations make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to incur substantial costs to maintain the sufficient coverage. We cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur to respond to these requirements. The impact of these requirements could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors (“Board”), committees or as executive officers.

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, new SEC regulations and Nasdaq rules are creating uncertainty for public companies. We are presently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to new and proposed rules and cannot predict or estimate the amount of the additional compliance costs we may incur or the timing of such costs. These new or changed laws, regulations and standards are subject to varying interpretations, in many cases due to their lack of specificity, and as a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by courts and regulatory and governing bodies. This could result in continuing uncertainty regarding compliance matters and higher costs necessitated by ongoing revisions to disclosure and governance practices. Maintaining appropriate standards of corporate governance and public disclosure will result in increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities. In addition, if we fail to comply with new or changed laws, regulations and standards, regulatory authorities may initiate legal proceedings against us which could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business and financial condition.

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We have no significant recent operating history as an independent company upon which you can evaluate our performance and, accordingly, our prospects must be considered in light of the risks that any newly independent company encounters.

Following the acquisition of A.S.V., Inc. by Terex in 2008, we operated as part of Terex, and following the establishment of the Joint Venture, we operated as a majority-owned subsidiary of Manitex. Accordingly, except for the period since May 2017, we have no recent experience operating as an independent company and performing various corporate functions which were previously undertaken on a centralized basis by Terex and/or Manitex, including human resources, tax administration, legal, investor relations, internal audit, insurance and information technology. Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties encountered by companies in the early stages of independent business operations, particularly companies such as ours in highly competitive markets.

Further, our historical financial statements and financial information included elsewhere in this Annual Report have been created using our historical results of operations and bases of assets and liabilities as a joint venture between Manitex and Terex. In connection with the preparation of the financial statements, we made estimates, assumptions and allocations based on current facts and historical experience. The historical financial information included in this report may not necessarily reflect the financial condition, results of operations or cash flows we would have achieved as a stand-alone company during the periods presented or that we will achieve in the future, including due to the following factors:

 

our historical combined financial statements may not reflect the expenses for support functions such as human resources, tax administration, legal, investor relations, internal audit, insurance and information technology, that we would have actually incurred, or will incur in the future, as a stand-alone company;

 

increases will occur in our cost structure as a result of being a stand-alone public company, including costs related to public company reporting, investor relations and compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Our failure to achieve and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 as a stand-alone company could have a material adverse effect on our business and share price.

Prior to the acquisition of A.S.V., Inc. in 2008, we were required to maintain internal control over financial reporting in a manner that met the standards of publicly traded companies as required by Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. However, since that time, we have not had to independently comply with Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Since the completion of our initial public offering, we are required to meet these standards in the course of preparing our financial statements, and our management will be required to report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. Additionally, once we are no longer an emerging growth company or a smaller reporting company, our independent registered public accounting firm will be required pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 to attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting on an annual basis. The rules governing the standards that must be met for our management to assess our internal control over financial reporting are complex and require significant documentation, testing and possible remediation.

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. We are currently in the process of reviewing, documenting and testing our internal control over financial reporting, and although we expect to be in compliance with the requirements of Section 404(a), we may be unable to meet such requirements. We may encounter problems or delays in implementing any changes necessary to make a favorable assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. In addition, we may encounter problems or delays in completing the implementation of any requested improvements and receiving a favorable attestation in connection with the attestation to be provided by our independent registered public accounting firm after we cease to be an emerging growth company or a smaller reporting company. If we cannot favorably assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, or if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to provide an unqualified attestation report on our internal controls after we cease to be an emerging growth company or a smaller reporting company, investors could lose confidence in our financial information and the price of our shares could decline.

Additionally, the existence of any material weakness or significant deficiency would require management to devote significant time and incur significant expense to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies and management may not be able to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in a timely manner. The existence of any material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting could also result in errors in our financial statements that could require us to restate our financial statements, cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations and cause stockholders to lose confidence in our reported financial information, all of which could materially and adversely affect our business and share price.

13


Our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect all errors or acts of fraud and we may be unable to accurately and timely report our financial results or file our periodic reports in a timely manner.

As a public company, we are subject to the periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, including the requirement to maintain disclosure controls and procedures. We designed our disclosure controls and procedures to reasonably assure that information we must disclose in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to management, and recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC. We believe that any disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls and procedures, no matter how well-conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met.

These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by an unauthorized override of the controls. Accordingly, because of the inherent limitations in our control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

Risks Related to Ownership of our Common Stock

An active, liquid and orderly trading market for our common stock may not develop or be sustained and, as a result, it may be difficult for you to sell your shares of our common stock.

Before our initial public offering in May 2017, no market for shares of our common stock existed and an active trading market for our shares may never develop or, if developed, may not be sustained. The market value of our common stock may decrease significantly from the initial public offering price or from the current market price. The lack of an active market may impair your ability to sell your shares or at a price that you consider reasonable. The lack of an active market may also reduce the fair market value of your shares. Furthermore, an inactive market may also impair our ability to raise capital by selling shares of our common stock and may impair our ability to enter into strategic collaborations or acquire companies or products by using our shares of common stock as consideration.

The market price of our stock may be volatile, and you could lose all or part of your investment.

The trading price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which neither we nor the selling stockholders can control. In addition to the factors discussed in this “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this Annual Report, these factors include:

 

the success of competitive products or technologies;

 

regulatory actions with respect to our products or our competitors’ products;

 

actual or anticipated changes in our growth rate relative to our competitors;

 

announcements by us or our competitors of significant acquisitions, strategic collaborations, joint ventures, collaborations or capital commitments;

 

regulatory or legal developments in the United States and other countries;

 

developments or disputes concerning patent applications, issued patents or other proprietary rights;

 

the recruitment or departure of key personnel;

 

actual or anticipated changes in estimates as to financial results, development timelines or recommendations by securities analysts;

 

variations in our financial results or those of companies that are perceived to be similar to us;

 

fluctuations in the valuation of companies perceived by investors to be comparable to us;

 

share price and volume fluctuations attributable to inconsistent trading volume levels of our shares;

 

announcement or expectation of additional financing efforts;

 

sales of our common stock by us, our officers, directors, or their affiliated funds or our other stockholders;

 

rumors or new announcements by third parties, including competitors; and

 

general economic, industry and market conditions.

In addition, the stock market in general, and The Nasdaq Capital Market specifically, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of these companies. Broad market and industry factors may negatively affect the market price of our common stock, regardless of our actual operating performance. The

14


realization of any of the above risks or any of a broad range of other risks, including those described in this “Risk Factors” section, could have a dramatic and material adverse impact on the market price of our common stock.

If equity research analysts do not publish research or reports about our business or if they issue unfavorable commentary or downgrade our common stock, the price of our common stock could decline.

The trading market for our common stock relies in part on the research and reports that equity research analysts publish about us and our business. We do not control these analysts. The price of our common stock could decline if one or more equity analysts downgrade our common stock or if analysts issue other unfavorable commentary or cease publishing reports about us or our business.

We may be subject to securities litigation, which is expensive and could divert management attention.

The market price of our common stock may be volatile, and in the past, companies that have experienced volatility in the market price of their stock have been subject to securities class action litigation. We may be the target of this type of litigation in the future. Securities litigation against us could result in substantial costs and divert our management’s attention from other business concerns, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition.

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act, and will be able to avail ourselves of reduced disclosure requirements, which could make our common stock less attractive to investors and adversely affect the market price of our common stock

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act, and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various requirements including:

 

the provisions of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requiring that our independent registered public accounting firm provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting;

 

the “say on pay” provisions (requiring a non-binding stockholder vote to approve compensation of certain executive officers) and the “say on golden parachute” provisions (requiring a non-binding stockholder vote to approve golden parachute arrangements for certain executive officers in connection with mergers and certain other business combinations) of the Dodd-Frank Act and some of the disclosure requirements of the Dodd-Frank Act relating to compensation of our executives;

 

the requirement to provide detailed compensation discussion and analysis in proxy statements and reports filed under the Exchange Act, and instead provide a reduced level of disclosure concerning executive compensation; and

 

any rules that the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board may adopt requiring mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report on the financial statements.

We may take advantage of these exemptions until we are no longer an “emerging growth company.” We would cease to be an “emerging growth company” upon the earliest of: (i) the first fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of our initial public offering; (ii) the first fiscal year after our annual gross revenues are $1.07 billion or more; (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt securities; or (iv) as of the end of any fiscal year in which the market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates exceeded $700 million as of the end of the second quarter of that fiscal year. Our independent registered public accounting firm will not be required to provide an attestation report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting so long as we qualify as an “emerging growth company,” which may increase the risk that material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting go undetected. Likewise, so long as we qualify as an “emerging growth company,” we may elect not to provide you with certain information, including certain financial information and certain information regarding compensation of our executive officers, that we would otherwise have been required to provide in filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, which may make it more difficult for investors and securities analysts to evaluate the Company.

In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of an extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards. This provision allows an emerging growth company to delay the adoption of some accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to avail ourselves of this exemption and, therefore, we will not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, which may mean that our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with all public company accounting standards.

We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock, and our stock price may be more volatile and may decline.

15


We have never paid dividends on our capital stock and we do not anticipate paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, any profits from an investment in our common stock will depend on whether the price of our common stock increases.

We have not paid dividends on any of our classes of capital stock to date and we currently intend to retain our future earnings, if any, to fund the development and growth of our business. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our common stock will be your sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.

Some provisions of our charter documents and Delaware law may have anti-takeover effects that could discourage an acquisition of us by others, even if an acquisition would benefit our stockholders and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as provisions of Delaware law, could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us or increase the cost of acquiring us or remove our current management, even if doing so would benefit our stockholders. These provisions include:

 

creating a classified board of directors whose members serve staggered three-year terms;

 

authorizing the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock, the terms of which we may establish and shares of which we may issue without stockholder approval;

 

prohibiting cumulative voting in the election of directors, which would otherwise allow for less than a majority of stockholders to elect director candidates;

 

prohibiting stockholder action by written consent, thereby requiring all stockholder actions to be taken at a meeting of our stockholders;

 

eliminating the ability of stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders;

 

requiring a supermajority vote to remove directors or to amend certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation; and

 

establishing advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our Board or for proposing matters that can be acted upon at stockholder meetings.

These provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our Board, who are responsible for appointing the members of our management. Because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, or the DGCL, which may discourage, delay or prevent someone from acquiring us or merging with us whether or not it is desired by or beneficial to our stockholders. Under the DGCL, a corporation may not, in general, engage in a business combination with any holder of 15% or more of its capital stock unless the holder has held the stock for three years or, among other things, our Board has approved the transaction.

Any provision of our certificate of incorporation or bylaws or Delaware law that has the effect of delaying or deterring a change of control could limit the opportunity for our stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of our common stock, and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for our common stock.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

We own our principal manufacturing facility and administrative offices, located in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, which comprises 27 acres with 227,910 sq. ft. for manufacturing, an additional storage building of 16,000 sq. ft. and a retail outlet store of 10,080 sq. ft. We lease a sixty-five-acre test track facility located three miles from our facility from Terex under a lease agreement that expires in 2034. We also lease 53,000 square feet of warehouse space located adjacent to our principal manufacturing facilities.  This facility is used to distribute aftermarket parts.

We believe our buildings have been generally well maintained, are in good operating condition and are adequate for our current production requirements.

16


Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

We are involved in various legal proceedings, including the proceeding before the National Labor Relations Board described above in our “Risk Factors”. We are also involved in products liability and workers’ compensation matters which have arisen in the normal course of our business operations.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

None.

17


PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information

Our common shares trade on the Nasdaq Capital Market in the United States under the symbol “ASV” since May 12, 2017.

Holders

As of December 31, 2018, there were 9,851,186 common shares outstanding, with 6 shareholders of record.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

See Item 12 “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” of this Annual Report.

Dividends

We have not declared any cash dividends on our common stock to date and we do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

 

None.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

Not applicable.

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements and the notes to those statements included in this report. This discussion and analysis may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, such as those set forth under the heading “Risk Factors,” and elsewhere in this Annual Report.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Non-GAAP Measures

This “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section contains references to “EBITDA”. EBITDA is defined for the purposes of this Annual Report as net income or loss before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. Management believes that EBITDA is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance and provide meaningful measures of overall corporate performance exclusive of our capital structure and the method and timing of expenditures associated with building and placing our products. EBITDA is also presented because management believes that it is frequently used by investment analysts, investors and other interested parties as a measure of financial performance.

However, EBITDA is not a recognized earnings measure under generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) and does not have a standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP. Therefore, EBITDA may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Investors are cautioned that EBITDA should not be construed as an alternative to net income or loss or other income statement data (which are determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP) as an indicator of our performance or as a measure of liquidity and cash flows. Management’s method of calculating EBITDA may differ materially from the method used by other companies and accordingly, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

Overview

We design and manufacture a broad range of high-quality compact track loader (“CTL”) and skid steer loader (“SSL”) equipment, marketed through a distribution network in North America, Australia and New Zealand under the ASV brand. We also serve as a private label original equipment manufacturer for several manufacturers, which accounted for 16% of our sales in 2018 and 20% of our sales in 2017. Our products are used principally in the construction, agricultural and forestry industries. As a full-service manufacturer, we provide pre- and post-sale dealer support, after-sale technical support and replacement parts supplied from our dedicated logistics center. We also supply a limited version of our assembled undercarriage sets to Caterpillar for one configuration of Caterpillar’s multi-terrain CTL machines marketed under the CAT brand under a supply contract with Caterpillar.

 

For 2018, our first full year as a public company, our objectives were to make progress on the following strategic objectives: Firstly, grow our machine sales through a combination of increasing the ASV brand awareness, continuing to expand the number of retail and rental locations with the ASV product line in North America, securing a greater presence in the rental market and increasing the sell through rate of our distribution network.  Secondly, to complete the relocation of our aftermarket parts distribution adjacent to our manufacturing facility, and to improve the operational service of this portion of our business.  

 

We had good success with these objectives, growing machine sales in total by 12.8% and by 26.4% in our North America market, achieving a net increase, after cancellations, of 64 retail and rental locations with the ASV brand, securing $0.7 million of sales with a new independent rental account, and sales to our same store dealer locations (dealers signed prior to January 1, 2018) increased 15.7%. Our aftermarket part distribution center commenced operating at its new location in March 2018, slightly earlier than planned, and has shown steady improvement in delivery and order fulfillment rates. The cash cost of this project in the year of $0.6 million was partly offset by securing local Minnesota state funding on favorable terms. Our activity to increase the ASV brand awareness included increased advertising and marketing expenditures and the launch of two new products, the RT-25 and RT-40 compact track loaders, both of which received good recognition in trade publications.

 

Several headwinds challenged us in 2018, such as the rapid increase in input costs, particularly steel and tariff related items and the constraint on engine availability. Although we implemented price increases during the year there was an adverse impact of approximately $1.2 million from input costs that reduced our gross margin and gross margin percent of sales. The shortage of engines from the manufacturers was caused by equipment manufacturers pre-buying engines for 2019 due to emission regulation changes, several industrial disputes and weather-related manufacturing impacts and high overall demand globally for engines from economic activity. These events resulted in engine manufacturers placing us on a very limited allocation of engines, requiring us to reduce production and to move orders required by the customers in 2018 into 2019, adversely impacting our sales and profitability.

 

 

19


Emerging Growth Company Status

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies can elect to delay adopting new or revised accounting standards issued subsequent to the enactment of the JOBS Act until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We may avail ourselves of this exemption from adopting new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, would not be subject to new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.

Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2018 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2017

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company had a net loss of $(32.1) million compared to a net income of $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the net loss of $(32.1) million consisted of revenue of $127.6 million, cost of sales of $112.3 million, research and development costs of $1.9 million, selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses of $12.2 million, loss on impairment of goodwill of $30.6 million, interest expense of $1.9 million and an income tax benefit of $(0.4) million.

For the year ended December 31, 2017, net income of $1.7 million consisted of revenue of $123.3 million, cost of sales of $104.7 million, research and development costs of $2.1 million, SG&A expenses of $11.5 million, interest expense of $3.0 million, loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.0 million, and an income tax benefit of $(0.6) million.

Net Sales: For the year ended December 31, 2018, net sales were $127.6 million, an increase of approximately $4.3 million or 3.5% from net sales of $123.3 million for the same period in 2017.  The increase in net sales is attributable to increased machine sales of $10.5 million, offset by decreased sales of undercarriages to Caterpillar of $3.1 million and decreased sales of aftermarket parts and other of $3.1 million.

Increased machine volume and an improved machine mix of larger higher revenue machines resulted in an increase in machine revenues of 12.8% or $10.4 million from the same period in 2017.  The increase in volume was primarily due to increased sales into our North American distribution channels, offset in part by fewer units shipped into Australia and New Zealand for the period.  Growth in revenue from sales of machines through the ASV North American distribution channels was 26.4% compared to the prior year.  For orders placed after May 1, 2018, steel surcharge pricing was implemented, which accounted for $1.1 million of machine revenue in the period.  During 2018 we added 64 dealer and independent rental locations, bringing our total to 286 at December 31, 2018.

Total parts, Caterpillar undercarriages and other sales for the year ended December 31, 2018 decreased $6.2 million compared to the same period in 2017.  This comprised a decrease in Caterpillar undercarriage and corresponding parts shipments of $4.3 million for the period, a result of lower demand, a decrease in aftermarket parts of $1.5 million and other sales of $0.4 million.  Total parts as a percentage of total sales was 22.3% and 25.2%, for the periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Gross Profit: For the year ended December 31, 2018, our gross profit was $15.2 million or 11.9% of net sales compared to $18.6 million or 15.1% of net sales for the same period in 2017. Gross profit as a percent of net sales decreased primarily as a result of (i) a $1.2 million net increase in input costs as a result of steel increases and tariffs, (ii) $0.7 million in increased inventory reserves, (iii) $0.6 million in distribution center start-up costs, (iv) an engine supply impact on production in the fourth quarter of $0.3 million (v) a decrease in aftermarket parts as a percentage of total sales, and (vi) an increase of in-house distribution center costs previously paid to Terex under the Terex Cross Marketing Agreement, as referenced in Note 13, “Related Party Transactions”.

Research and Development: Research and development expense was $1.9 million or 1.5% of net sales for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to $2.1 million or 1.7% of net sales for the same period in 2017. The decrease of $0.2 million is attributable to fewer expenditures related to the launch of new product designs for the ASV brand in connection with the implementation of Tier 4 emissions standards during the period.

Selling, general and administrative expense: SG&A expense was $12.2 million or 9.6% of net sales for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared to $11.5 million or 9.3% of net sales for the same period in 2017, an increase of approximately $0.8 million or 7%, respectively.  The main contributing factors to the increase were (i) a $0.1 million increase from costs associated with stock compensation, (ii) a $0.5 million increase from costs associated with operating as a public company, (iii) a $0.2 million increase in general administrative costs relating to adding key management positions, (iv) a $0.1 million increase from software costs associated with upgraded and new systems, (v) a $0.4 million increase in advertising and marketing costs, offset by (vi) a $0.9 million decrease in selling expense associated with aftermarket parts.

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Operating Loss: For the year ended December 31, 2018, our operating loss was $29.4 million or (23.1)% of net sales, compared to $5.1 million or 4.1% of net sales for the same period in 2017. Operating income as a percent of net sales decreased due to the explanations above. The decline in 2018 was primarily driven by a loss on impairment of goodwill of $30.6 million.

Interest expense: Interest expense, including amortization of debt issuance costs, for the year ended December 31, 2018, was $1.9 million compared to $3.0 million for the same period in 2017, principally due to lower borrowings on our debt facilities, pay down of debt from IPO proceeds in 2017, and improved rates as a result of refinancing our debt in December of 2017.

Tax: For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $0.7 million compared to an income tax benefit of $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2017. For more information on the impact of the recent tax law change, see Note 13, Income Tax, to the audited financial statements elsewhere in this Annual Report.

Net income: For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company had a net loss of $(32.1) million compared to a net income of $1.7 million for the same period in 2017, a decrease of $33.8 million and is attributable to the items discussed above.

EBITDA:

EBITDA totaled $5.9 million or 4.7% of net sales for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to $9.9 million or 8.1% of net sales for the same period in 2017.  The offsetting changes in EBITDA for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017 were due to decreased net income of $32.1 million offset by reduced interest charges of $1.1 million, reduced loss on debt extinguishment of $1.0 million and a tax expense of $0.7 million.  The primary contributing factors that led to the decrease were (i) a non-cash loss on impairment of goodwill of $30.6 million, (ii) a $1.2 million net increase in input costs as a result of steel increases and tariffs, (iii) $0.7 million in increased inventory reserves, (iv) $0.6 million in distribution center start-up costs, (v) $0.5 from costs associated with operating as a public company, and (vi) an engine supply impact on production in the fourth quarter of $0.3 million.

The table below sets forth a reconciliation of Net Income to EBITDA (in thousands of dollars):

 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

(32,130

)

 

$

1,709

 

Interest expense

 

 

1,946

 

 

 

3,034

 

Loss on sale of debt extinguishment

 

 

-

 

 

 

989

 

Depreciation & amortization

 

 

4,850

 

 

 

4,809

 

Other income

 

 

(9

)

 

 

(2

)

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

698

 

 

 

(608

)

EBITDA (1)

 

$

(24,645

)

 

$

9,931

 

% of sales

 

(19.3%)

 

 

 

8.1

%

 

(1)

EBITDA is defined as income or loss before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is not a recognized measure under U.S. GAAP and does not have a standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP. Therefore, EBITDA may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The table above reconciles net income to EBITDA. See “—Cautionary Statements Regarding Non-GAAP Measures” for further information regarding EBITDA.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We fund our business activities by utilizing a revolving credit facility, a term loan for financing, and cash generated from operations. In connection with our revolving credit facility, in October 2018 the Company entered into an amendment which included revisions to the definition of EBITDA, an increase in the allowance of certain foreign receivables and a change to the required leverage ratio.  On March 28, 2019, the Company entered into a Second Amendment (the “Second Amendment”) to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent (“PNC”), described in Note 9, “Debt”. The principal modification to the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement resulting from the Second Amendment replaces the maximum leverage ratio requirements for 2019 with a minimum EBITDA covenant and beginning in March of 2020, removes the minimum EBITDA covenant and reverts to a leverage ratio requirement of 2.75 to 1.00, which shall step down to 2.25 to 1.00 by September 30, 2020. In addition, the applicable margin for each advance under the credit agreement was increased by 50 basis points for the period from March 28, 2019 until the first business day following receipt by PNC of the Company’s certificate of compliance with the applicable leverage ratio for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and the inventory sub-limit was increased to $18 million. This summary of the

21


material terms of the Second Amendment is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Second Amendment, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.20 hereto and incorporated herein by reference.

We use our capital resources to:

 

 

 

fund operating costs;

 

 

 

fund capital requirements, including capital expenditures;

 

 

 

make debt and interest payments; and

 

 

 

invest in new ventures.

We need cash to meet our working capital needs as the business grows, to acquire capital equipment, and to fund acquisitions and debt repayment. We intend to use cash flows from operations and existing availability under the current revolving credit facility to fund anticipated levels of operations for the next twelve months. As our availability under our credit lines is limited, it is important that we manage our working capital. We may need to raise additional capital through debt or equity financings to support our growth strategy, which may include additional acquisitions. There is no assurance that such financing will be available or, if available, on acceptable terms.

We believe that cash flows from operating activities, together with our existing cash and borrowings available under our Credit Facility, will be sufficient for at least the next twelve months from the date of this report to fund our current anticipated uses of cash. After that, our ability to fund these expected uses of cash and to comply with the financial covenants under our debt agreements will depend on the results of future operations, performance and cash flow. Our ability to fund these expected uses from the results of future operations will be subject to prevailing economic conditions and to financial, business, regulatory, legislative and other factors, many of which are beyond our control.

Cash Flows

Year ended December 31, 2018

Operating activities consumed $0.9 million of cash for the year ended December 31, 2018 as compared to operating activities generating $7.5 million of cash for the year ended December 31, 2017. Changes in net (loss) income, non-cash items and assets and liabilities were factors in the change year over year. The primary change in non-cash items was a loss on impairment of goodwill of $30.6 million and an increase in inventory reserves of $0.6 million.

The changes in assets and liabilities consumed $6.6 million in 2018 and consumed $0.2 million in 2017. Inventory consumed $8.7 million in 2018 as compared to generating $3.5 million in 2017. Inventory has increased as input costs rise, we continue to secure long lead time production components for future builds, and we maintain a larger finished goods machine inventory to satisfy demand.  The fluctuation in the remaining assets and liabilities are within a range that would normally be expected to occur.

Investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 consumed $1.0 million of cash to purchase machinery and equipment, compared to December 31, 2017, consuming $0.5 million. Purchases related to tooling for new products, information technology systems up-grades, fabrication equipment and building improvements.

Financing activities generated $1.8 million in cash for the year ended December 31, 2018, as compared to consuming $8.1 million for year ended December 31, 2017. Cash was generated by increased borrowing under the revolving credit facilities, increased borrowing on new long-term loans associated with relocating our parts distribution facility to Minnesota, offset by the use of cash for principal payments on debt.  

Capital Expenditures

The capital intensity of our operations is low since we focus on design, assembly and compliance with regulatory specifications and many components are sourced from third party suppliers rather than fabricating these components ourselves. Capital expenditure is also used to fund productivity related projects, which tend to be of relatively low cost. Investment in information technology is required to ensure our business systems are appropriate for our operations. The Company invested $1.0 million and $0.5 million in capital expenditures in the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  During 2018, the Company implemented system enhancements, particularly relating to the dealer and OEM customer interface for sales and after-sales service and parts and invested in updated fabrication equipment. The Company anticipates additional investments, such as investing capital to the maintenance on certain track tooling, which may cause us to exceed our historical capital expenditures.

22


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We believe that our application of the following accounting policies, each of which require significant judgments and estimates on the part of management, are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations. Our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the audited financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expense. Estimates including those related to allowance for doubtful accounts, materials and inventory obsolescence, property, plant and equipment depreciation, intangible amortization, long-lived asset impairment assumptions, warranties, and contingencies are evaluated on a regular basis. Actual amounts could differ from such estimates.

 

Inventory: Inventory consists of raw materials and supplies, finished equipment and replacement parts stated at the lower of cost (first in, first out) or net realizable value. All equipment classified as inventory is available for sale. We record excess and obsolete reserves and such reserves were $1.2 million and $0.6 million at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The estimated reserve is based upon specific identification of excess or obsolete inventories. The establishment of a reserve for lower of cost or net realizable value, excess and obsolete inventory establishes a new cost basis in the inventory. Such reserves are not reduced until the product is sold or disposed.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts: Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts is our best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in its existing accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based on individual account review, current economic conditions and expected collectability. A review is completed of the allowance for doubtful accounts at least quarterly. Individual balances exceeding a threshold amount that are over 90 days past due are reviewed individually for collectability. All other balances are reviewed on a pooled basis by type of receivable. Account balances are charged off against the allowance when we determine it is probable the receivable will not be recovered. Although we occasionally encounter isolated credit concerns related to our dealer base, management is not aware of any significant credit risks related to our dealer base and generally does not require collateral or other security to support account receivables, other than any UCC related sales. The balance of the allowance for doubtful accounts was $109 and $82 at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Revenue Recognition: The Company’s revenues result from the sale of goods or services and reflect the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled. The Company records revenue based on a five-step model in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"). For its customer contracts, the Company identifies the performance obligations (goods or services), determines the transaction price, allocates the contract transaction price to the performance obligations, and recognizes the revenue when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied. A good or service is transferred when the customer obtains control of that good or service.  The Company principally generates revenue from the sale of equipment and parts to dealers, distributors and OEM customers and recognizes revenue at a point in time when control transfers. Transfer of control is generally determined based on the shipping terms of the contract. The Company recognizes revenue for delivered goods or services when the delivered good or service is distinct, control of the good or service has transferred to the customer, and only customary refund or return rights related to the goods or services exist.  Generally, there is no-post shipment obligation on product sold other than standard warranty obligations in the normal and ordinary course of business.

Provisions for sales program incentives (such as wholesale subsidies, retail subsidies and customer cash), product returns, and discounts and allowances are variable consideration and are accounted for as a reduction of revenue and establishment of a liability (or contra asset receivable as appropriate) using the expected value method.  The Company considers historical data in determining its best estimates of variable consideration. These estimates are reviewed regularly for appropriateness, considering also whether the estimates should be constrained in order to avoid a significant reversal of revenue recognition in a future period. If updated information or actual amounts are different from previous estimates of variable consideration, the revisions are included in the results for the period in which they become known through a cumulative effect adjustment to revenue. In addition, the Company’s contracts with customers generally do not include significant financing components or noncash consideration. The Company expenses incremental costs of obtaining a contract (primarily sales commissions) as selling, general and administrative expense in the Statements of Operations, because the amortization period would be less than one year.

The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers by geographic location and major customer as we believe this best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.

Accrued Warranties: We record accruals for potential warranty claims based on our claim experience. Our products are typically sold with a standard warranty described below. A liability for estimated warranty claims is accrued at the time of sale. The liability is established using historical warranty claim experience for each product sold. Historical claim experience may be adjusted for known design improvements or for the impact of unusual product quality issues. Warranty reserves are reviewed quarterly to ensure critical

23


assumptions are updated for known events that may affect the potential warranty liability. The provision for warranty was $1.58 million and $1.87 million at both December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

Our standard product warranty is a limited product warranty that covers all of our products for a period of twelve months from delivery to and place into service by the first user (including as a demonstration or rental unit) or delivery to the first retail purchaser, whichever occurs first. We provide a separate limited warranty for our rubber tracks that extends for a period of twenty-four months from the date of start-up or 1,500 hours of operation (whichever occurs first) from delivery to and place into service by the first user (including as a demonstration or rental unit) or delivery to the first retail purchaser, whichever occurs first. All products and rubber track warranties commence within twenty-four months of the initial sale to an authorized distributor, regardless of use. Our warranties cover, at our option, the repair or replacement of any part that upon our inspection appears to have been defective in manufacture or materials. We also have the option, with respect to the limited warranty for our rubber track, to provide an allowance toward the purchase of a new rubber track. Our limited warranty is subject to certain conditions and will be voided under certain circumstances, including the installation of non-ASV parts and improper or unauthorized maintenance, alteration or repair. We also provide a separate warranty on our OEM replacement parts that are installed by our authorized dealers for a period of twelve months from the date of shipment or the period remaining in the product warranty for the affected product (whichever is shorter).

Intangible Assets: The Company identified intangible assets, consisting of patented technology, unpatented know how, tradename and trademarks and customer relationships, are recorded at approximately $20.7 million and $23.3 million at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, net of accumulated amortization. We capitalize certain costs related to patent technology. Additionally, a substantial portion of the purchase price related to the Joint Venture in December 2014 has been assigned to patents or unpatented technology, trade name, and customer relationships. Intangible Assets with definite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives. These definite lived intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of expected benefit, which range from ten to twenty-five years.

Goodwill: Goodwill, representing the difference between the total purchase price and the fair value of assets (tangible and intangible) and liabilities at the date of acquisition, is reviewed for impairment annually, and more frequently as circumstances warrant, and written down only in the period in which the recorded value of such assets exceed their fair value. Adverse industry or economic trends, lower projections of profitability, or a substantial decline in our market capitalization, among other items, may be indicators of potential impairment issues, which are triggering events requiring testing of an asset’s carrying value for recoverability.  Annual impairment tests are performed by the Company in the fourth quarter of each year using information available as of October 1. These tests resulted in an estimated excess fair value over carrying value of 7.4%.  Subsequent to October 1, 2018, our stock price declined significantly and we experienced a significant decline in revenue as a result of delays in engine supply from certain vendors, which persisted into the first quarter of 2019.  As a result, we concluded, that in the fourth quarter of 2018, that it was more likely than not that the fair value of our business had declined below the carrying value and that goodwill was impaired.  We completed an impairment test on December 31, 2018 and concluded that all of our $30,579 goodwill was impaired.

 

Taxes: The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  

 

The Company recognizes deferred tax assets to the extent that the Company believes that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. If the Company determines that it would be able to realize our deferred taxes in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, the Company would make an adjustment to the deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes.

 

The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) we determine whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, the Company recognizes the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.

 

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits on the income tax expense line in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. Accrued interest and penalties would be included on the related tax liability line in the consolidated balance sheet.

 

24


On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax reform commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”).  Under ASC 740, the effects of changes in tax rates and laws are recognized in the period which the new legislation is enacted.  Among other things, the TCJA (1) reduces the U.S. statutory corporate income tax rate from 34% to 21% effective January 1, 2018 (2) eliminates the corporate alternative minimum tax (3) eliminates the Section 199 deduction (4) changes rules related to uses and limitations of net operating loss carryforwards beginning after December 31, 2017.

 

In response to the TCJA, the SEC staff issued SAB 118, which provides guidance on accounting for the tax effects of TCJA.  The purpose of SAB 118 was to address any uncertainty or diversity of view in applying ASC 740 in the reporting period in which the TCJA was enacted.  In addition, SAB 118 provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the TCJA enactment date for companies to complete the accounting under ASC 740.  For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded a provisional decrease in our deferred tax assets and liabilities with a corresponding net adjustment to deferred income tax expense of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company finalized the accounting for the tax effects of TCJA with no material changes to the provisional estimate recorded in prior periods.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $0.7 million primarily related to current provision for state and local taxes and a deferred provision related to the recognition of a valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of (0.6) million which consists of the recognition of a net deferred tax asset related to a change in the entity’s tax status with the conversion from a Minnesota limited liability company to a Delaware corporation on May 11, 2017, offset by a one-time re-measurement of our deferred tax assets and liabilities for the TCJA.  Prior to May 11, 2017, the Company was taxed as a partnership and was not subject to federal and state income tax.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At December 31, 2018, the Company had a $0.2 million of standby letter of credit outstanding. PNC Bank, National Association has issued a $0.2 million standby letter of credit in favor of an insurance carrier to secure obligations which may arise in connection with future deductible payments that may be incurred under our workers’ compensation insurance policies.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

We are exposed to certain market risks that exist as part of our ongoing business operations.

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to interest rate volatility with regard to future issuances of fixed rate debt and existing issuances of variable rate debt. Primary exposure includes movements in the PNC prime rate and LIBOR. At December 31, 2018, we had approximately $27.5 million of variable rate debt with a weighted average interest rate of approximately 5.33%. An increase of 1% in our average floating interest rates at December 31, 2018 would increase interest expense by approximately $0.3 million.

Commodities Risk

We purchase a majority of our components as partially and fully finished assemblies, rather than raw materials for conversion. However, steel is a major part of the chassis, cabs and wheel rims of our product and as such availability and pricing from our suppliers is subject to the global steel market. Extreme movements in the cost and availability of steel and other materials and components may affect our financial performance. The prices we pay for raw materials used in our products may be impacted by tariffs. On March 8, 2018, the Trump administration signed an order that imposed a tariff of 25% on steel that went into effect on March 23, 2018.  As a result of this tariff, if we are unable to obtain raw materials, including steel, at historical prices or unable to pass any material prices on to dealers, our margins could be adversely affected and it could have a material adverse effect on our business.  Changes in input costs had a significant effect on our operating performance in 2018, as input prices, and steel components in particular, increased significantly, driven by the above-mentioned tariffs and higher levels of market demand driving increased prices. During the year we have implemented re-engineering and re-sourcing actions to help avoid these increases and have also implemented surcharge price increases to recover steel increases.  The increase in our materials cost of goods sold of $2.4 million adversely impacted our gross profit percentage by approximately 190 basis points in 2018.

In the absence of labor strikes or other unusual circumstances, the materials and components used in our products are normally available from multiple suppliers. However, some of the components may not be easily interchanged with components from alternative suppliers and have been designed into our products. We evaluate current and potential suppliers on a regular basis on their ability to meet our requirements and standards. We actively manage our material supply sourcing, and may employ various methods to

25


limit risk associated with commodity cost fluctuations and availability. The inability of suppliers to deliver materials and components promptly could result in production delays and increased costs to manufacture our products. To mitigate the impact of these risks we continue to search for acceptable alternative supply sources and less expensive supply options on a regular basis.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The financial statements required by this item are included after the signature page of this filing.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

Management’s Evaluation of our Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

As of December 31, 2018, our management, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Our management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded based upon the evaluation described above that, as of December 31, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in the Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 9B. Other Information.

None.

 

26


PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

The information called for by this item is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement relating to our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC. If such proxy statement is not filed on or before April 30, 2019, the information called for by this item will be filed as part of an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K on or before such date.

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

The information called for by this item is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement relating to our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC. If such proxy statement is not filed on or before April 30, 2019, the information called for by this item will be filed as part of an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K on or before such date.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The information called for by this item is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement relating to our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC. If such proxy statement is not filed on or before April 30, 2019, the information called for by this item will be filed as part of an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K on or before such date.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

The information called for by this item is incorporated herein by reference to our definitive proxy statement relating to our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC. If such proxy statement is not filed on or before April 30, 2019, the information called for by this item will be filed as part of an amendment to this Annual Report on Form 10-K on or before such date.

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

Fees billed to us by the firms BDO USA, LLP (“BDO”) and UHY LLP (“UHY”) for services rendered for 2018 and 2017, respectively, in the following categories and amounts were:

 

Type of Service

 

Fiscal Year 2018

 

 

Fiscal Year 2017

 

 

 

in thousands

 

Audit Fees (1)

 

$

224

 

 

$

231

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

0

 

 

0

 

Tax Fees

 

0

 

 

0

 

All Other Fees

 

0

 

 

0

 

Total

 

$

224

 

 

$

231

 

 

 

(1)

This category includes the audit of the Company’s annual financial statements, review of financial statements included in the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and services that are normally provided by the independent auditors in connection with statutory and regulatory filings and are inclusive of reimbursement of travel and travel-related expenses.

 

All fees described above were approved by the Company’s audit committee.

 

Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures. 

The Company’s audit committee has not adopted a policy or procedure for the pre-approval of audit and non-audit services rendered by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, and consequently all audit and non-audit services are approved by the whole audit committee

27


PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

(a)

The following documents are filed as a part of the report:

 

(1)

Financial statements. The required financial statements and notes thereto are presented starting on page F-1 of this Annual Report.

 

(2)

Financial statement schedules. All financial statement schedules are omitted because the required information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

(3)

Those exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.601 of this chapter) and by paragraph (b) below. Identify in the list each management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit to this form pursuant to Item 15(b) of this Annual Report.

 

(b)

Exhibits. The exhibits listed on the Exhibit Index on page 30 are filed as part of this Annual Report.

 

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.

None.

 

 

28


Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Description

2.1

 

Plan of Conversion of A.S.V., LLC, dated as of April 25, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

3.1

 

Certificate of Incorporation of ASV Holdings, Inc., dated as of May 11, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

3.2

 

Bylaws of ASV Holdings, Inc., dated as of May 11, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

4.3

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of May 17, 2017, by and among the Company, Terex Corporation and Manitex International, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

10.1+

 

ASV Holdings, Inc. 2017 Equity Incentive Plan, effective as of May 11, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

10.2+

 

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement under ASV 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.3+

 

Employment Agreement, dated January 9, 2017, by and between the Company and Andrew Rooke (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.4+

 

Letter Agreement, dated January 18, 2017, among the Company, Manitex International, Inc., Terex Corporation and Andrew Rooke (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.5+

 

Employment Agreement, dated November 29, 2016, by and between the Company and Melissa How (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.6+

 

Letter Agreement, dated November 29, 2016, by and between the Company and Melissa How (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.7

 

Lease Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and between the Company and Terex USA, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.8

 

Agreement Regarding the Winddown and Termination of the Distribution and Cross Marketing Agreement and Services Agreement, by and among the Company, Terex Corporation and Manitex International, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 26, 2017).

10.9

 

Employee Matters Agreement, dated as of May 11, 2017, by and between ASV Holdings, Inc. (as successor-in-interest to A.S.V., LLC) and Manitex International, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

10.10

 

Separation Agreement, dated as of May 11,2017, by and among ASV Holdings, Inc. (as successor-in-interest to A.S.V., LLC), Terex Corporation and Manitex International, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

10.11

 

Subsidy Agreement, dated March 12, 2015, by and between the Company and Terex Financial Services, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.13 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.12

 

Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of May 17, 2017, by and among ASV Holdings, Inc., A.S.V. Holding, LLC and Manitex International, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 18, 2017).

10.13

 

Credit Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and among the Company, Loegering Mfg. Inc., Garrison Capital Inc., Garrison Loan Holdings LLC, Garrison Funding 2013-2 Ltd., Garrison Funding 2015-2 LP, CM Finance SPV Ltd., and Garrison Loan Agency Services LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.15 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.14

 

First Amendment, dated March 15, 2016, to Credit Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and among the Company, Manitex International, Inc., ASV Holding, LLC, Garrison Funding 2013-2 Ltd., Garrison Middle Market II LP, GMMF Loan Holdings LLC, CM Finance SPV Ltd., and Garrison Loan Agency Services LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.15

 

Credit Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and among the Company, Loegering Mfg. Inc., and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

29


10.16

 

Amendment No. 1 to Credit Agreement, dated October 6, 2015, by and among the Company, Manitex International, Inc., ASV Holding, LLC, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.17

 

Amendment No. 2 to Credit Agreement, dated March 15, 2016, by and among the Company, Manitex International, Inc., ASV Holding, LLC, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.19 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.18

 

Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement, dated December 23, 2016, by and among the Company and the lenders named therein (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-216912) filed on March 24, 2017).

10.19

 

First Amendment to Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of October 29, 2018 by and among ASV Holdings, Inc., the Loan Parties thereto, the Lenders and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent for the Lenders (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 1, 2018.

10.20*

 

Second Amendment to the Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of March 28, 2019 by and among ASV Holdings, Inc., the Loan Parties thereto, the Lenders and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent for the Lenders.

10.21^ *

 

Letter Pricing Agreement, dated October 3, 2017, by and between the Company and Caterpillar Inc.

10.22

 

Distributorship Agreement (Construction-AUS), dated August 20, 2009, by and among the Company, Terex United Kingdom Limited, Terex GmbH, and CEG Distributions Pty Limited (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.22 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 28, 2017).

10.23

 

Distribution and Cross Marketing Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and among Terex Corporation, Manitex International, Inc. and the Company (as successor-in-interest to A.S.V., Inc.) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.23 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 28, 2017).

10.24±

 

Services Agreement, dated December 19, 2014, by and between Terex Corporation and the Company (as successor-in-interest to A.S.V., Inc.) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 28, 2017).

10.25

 

Form of Indemnification Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 26, 2017).

10.26

 

First Amendment to Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement and Consent, dated April 25, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.26 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-216912) filed on April 26, 2017).

10.27

 

Second Amendment, dated as of October 5, 2017, to Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement and Consent dated as of December 23, 2016 among ASV Holdings, Inc. (as successor-in-interest to A.S.V., LLC), the Loan Parties thereto, the Lenders and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent for Lenders (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on October 10, 2017).

10.28

 

Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement dated as of December 27, 2017 among ASV Holdings, Inc., the Loan Parties thereto, the Lenders and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent for Lenders (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on December 28, 2017).

23.1*

 

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (BDO USA, LLP).

23.2*

 

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (UHY LLP).

24.1*

 

Powers of Attorney (included on signature page)

31.1*

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

01.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

*

Filed herewith.

+

Management contract or compensatory plan.

30


^

Confidential treatment has been sought regarding the agreement.

±

Confidential treatment has been granted as to portions of this exhibit.

31


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this Annual Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

Company Name

 

 

 

 

Date: March 29, 2019

 

By:

/s/ Andrew M. Rooke

 

 

 

Andrew M. Rooke

 

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Andrew M. Rooke and Melissa How, and each of them, as his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution for him or her, and in his or her name in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done therewith, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and any of them or his substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this Annual Report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Name

 

Title

 

Date

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Andrew M. Rooke

 

Chief Executive Officer, Director

 

March 29, 2019

Andrew M. Rooke

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Melissa How

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

March 29, 2019

Melissa How

 

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Brian J. Henry

 

Director

 

March 29, 2019

Brian J. Henry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Michael A. Lisi

 

Director

 

March 29, 2019

Michael A. Lisi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Joseph M. Nowicki

 

Director

 

March 29, 2019

Joseph M. Nowicki

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ David Rooney

 

Director

 

March 29, 2019

David Rooney

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32


INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms

F-2

 

 

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017

F-4

 

 

Statements of Operations for the Years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

F-5

 

 

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

F-6

 

 

Statements of Cash Flows for the Years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

F-7

 

 

Notes to Financial Statements

F-8

 

 

F-1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors

ASV Holdings, Inc.

Grand Rapids, Minnesota

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying balance sheet of ASV Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018, the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2018, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2018.

/s/ BDO USA, LLP

 

BDO USA, LLP

Minneapolis, Minnesota

March 29, 2019

 

F-2


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of ASV Holdings, Inc.,

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of ASV Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017, and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively, the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risk of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

We served as the Company’s auditor from 2015 through May 2018.

 

/s/ UHY LLP                                                       

UHY LLP

Sterling Heights, Michigan

March 29, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F-3


 

ASV HOLDINGS, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except par value)

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

2

 

 

$

3

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

18,462

 

 

 

18,276

 

Receivables from affiliates

 

 

7

 

 

 

76

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

840

 

 

 

 

Inventory, net

 

 

34,055

 

 

 

26,691

 

Prepaid income tax

 

 

43

 

 

 

896

 

Prepaid expenses and other

 

 

593

 

 

 

591

 

Total current assets

 

 

54,002

 

 

 

46,533

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

12,662

 

 

 

13,797

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

20,730

 

 

 

23,277

 

Goodwill

 

 

 

 

 

30,579

 

Other long-term assets

 

 

237

 

 

 

311

 

Deferred tax asset

 

 

 

 

 

624

 

Total assets

 

$

87,631

 

 

$

115,121

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note payable - current portion

 

$

2,991

 

 

$

2,000

 

Trade accounts payable

 

 

18,834

 

 

 

15,174

 

Payables to affiliates

 

 

480

 

 

 

1,063

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

 

1,394

 

 

 

1,483

 

Accrued warranties

 

 

1,584

 

 

 

1,869

 

Accrued product liability

 

 

 

 

 

778

 

Accrued other current liabilities

 

 

1,405

 

 

 

1,039

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

26,688

 

 

 

23,406

 

Revolving loan facility

 

 

16,026

 

 

 

12,511

 

Note payable - long term, net

 

 

10,159

 

 

 

12,664

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

727

 

 

 

739

 

Total liabilities

 

 

53,600

 

 

 

49,320

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000 authorized, none outstanding at December

   31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000 authorized, 9,851 and 9,806 shares issued

   and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

10

 

 

 

10

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

65,794

 

 

 

65,434

 

(Accumulated deficit) Retained Earnings

 

 

(31,773

)

 

 

357

 

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

 

34,031

 

 

 

65,801

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

$

87,631

 

 

$

115,121

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

F-4


 

ASV HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net sales

 

$

127,580

 

 

$

123,340

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

112,348

 

 

 

104,698

 

Gross profit

 

 

15,232

 

 

 

18,642

 

Research and development costs

 

 

1,896

 

 

 

2,070

 

Selling, general and administrative expense

 

 

12,252

 

 

 

11,450

 

Loss on impairment of goodwill

 

 

30,579

 

 

 

 

Operating (loss) income

 

 

(29,495

)

 

 

5,122

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

(1,946

)

 

 

(3,034

)

Loss on debt extinguishment

 

 

 

 

 

(989

)

Other income

 

 

9

 

 

 

2

 

Total other expense

 

 

(1,937

)

 

 

(4,021

)

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

 

(31,432

)

 

 

1,101

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

698

 

 

 

(608

)

Net (loss) income

 

$

(32,130

)

 

$

1,709

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic net (loss) income per share of common stock

 

$

(3.27

)

 

$

0.19

 

Diluted net (loss) income per share of common stock

 

$

(3.27

)

 

$

0.19

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

9,828

 

 

 

9,125

 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

9,828

 

 

 

9,125

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F-5


 

ASV HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

 

 

Retained Earnings

 

 

Total Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amounts

 

 

Paid-in Capital

 

 

(Accumulated Deficit)

 

 

Equity

 

Balances, January 1, 2017

 

$

8,000

 

 

 

8

 

 

$

54,779

 

 

$

(1,352

)

 

$

53,435

 

Initial Public Stock Offering

 

 

1,800

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

10,403

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

10,405

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

277

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

277

 

Employee 2017 incentive plan grant

 

 

9

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Repurchase to satisfy withholding and cancelled

 

 

(3

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(25

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(25

)

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,709

 

 

 

1,709

 

Balances, December 31, 2017

 

 

9,806

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

65,434

 

 

 

357

 

 

 

65,801

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

455

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

455

 

Incentive plan grant

 

 

63

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Repurchase to satisfy withholding and cancelled

 

 

(18

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(95

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(95

)

Net loss

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

(32,130

)

 

 

(32,130

)

Balances, December 31, 2018

 

$

9,851

 

 

 

10

 

 

$

65,794

 

 

$

(31,773

)

 

$

34,031

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F-6


 

ASV HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

(32,130

)

 

$

1,709

 

Adjustments to reconcile to net (loss) income to net cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

 

2,303

 

 

 

2,263

 

Amortization

 

 

2,547

 

 

 

2,547

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

498

 

 

 

353

 

Deferred income tax (benefit)

 

 

624

 

 

 

(624

)

Loss on disposal of fixed assets

 

 

7

 

 

 

57

 

Amortization of deferred finance cost

 

 

142

 

 

 

212

 

Loss on debt extinguishment

 

 

 

 

 

989

 

Loss on impairment of goodwill

 

 

30,579

 

 

 

 

Prepayments and other fees incurred in debt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

extinguishment

 

 

 

 

 

(364

)

Bad debt expense

 

 

27

 

 

 

14

 

Inventory reserves

 

 

1,112

 

 

 

544

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(213

)

 

 

(4,687

)

Net accounts receivable from/payable to affiliates

 

 

(514

)

 

 

102

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

(840

)

 

 

 

Other long-term assets

 

 

 

 

 

(13

)

Inventory

 

 

(8,662

)

 

 

3,494

 

Prepaid income tax

 

 

853

 

 

 

(896

)

Prepaid expenses

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(53

)

Trade accounts payable

 

 

3,660

 

 

 

3,198

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(829

)

 

 

(1,288

)

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

(12

)

 

 

(34

)

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

 

(850

)

 

 

7,523

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(989

)

 

 

(548

)

Net cash (used in) investing activities

 

 

(989

)